When I first dipped my toe into web development it was with PHP. Building quick and dirty inelegant websites, where the HTML and PHP would blur between one another. At the time, I did have a very firm grip on what HTTP was, where exactly PHP sat in the stack, other than it being in the backend, whatever that was, nor did I understand what a database was, other than a place to query data from. On top of this, I was writing this inelegant PHP code on Windows. If you've ever done PHP development on Windows, then you are most likely aware of WampServer. This is a solution stack for Windows that provides an Apache web server, OpenSSL, MySQL and PHP.
I've written previously about my thoughts on ORMs in Go and how the typical Active Record style ORMs seem to be a poor fit as a whole. With the advent of generics however, I've decided to revisit this topic, and see how generics could be utilied to make working with databases easier when it comes to modelling data. The parts I'm mostly interested in is providing a thin abstraction over the typical CRUD (create, read, update, delete) operations an ORM would provide for each model. Ideally, we want to provide this abstraction in a way that makes as few assumptions about the data being modelled as possible, and that builds on top of what has already been explored with regards to query building. I'm not going to cover what generics are in this post, as the authors of the language have already done that, instead we're going to dive right in.
There comes a point in time during the development of a piece of software when a configuration language needs to be used, you can only do so much via flags before it becomes too tenuous. The language chosen should provide a format that is easy for a person parse as well as a computer. Typically, most people would reach for YAML, TOML, or sometimes even JSON. For the development of Djinn CI, none of these fitted my needs, so I developed my own, specifically for Go.
Programming languages are always something that have fascinated me, how they're designed, how they're implemented, and how they're used. Whether they're a DSL (domain specific language) or more of a generic programming language. A programming language is always something I had wanted to take a stab at creating, even if it ended up being terrible, or being of no true utility, but only for the sake of learning. Well, over the Christmas break I decided to occupy my time on developing a language, one that was small and simple, designed for a specific use case that I had encountered but hadn't found a solution for. The language that I ended up developing was [req][req], a language designed only for HTTP scripting.
Over these series of posts I have been exploring an approach that could be taken when working with SQL relationships in Go. The precursor to all of this was the initial ORMs and Query Building in Go. This explored one aspect of ORMs, the query building, but it didn't address how relationships could also be handled in an idiomatic way. So before I wrap up this series in this final post, let us address the code we have currently.
implemented some new interfaces, and utility functions to aid in the loading and
binding of the model relations. This was a much better improvement than what we
had before, however we still don't have a way of defining the relations
themselves in code. So far, we have heavily utilised callback functions to do
most of the lifting for us. For example, the
model.Bind function we
implemented returns a callback that will gracefully handle binding the models we
load. In this post we will look at how we can utilise callbacks to set the
relations between models via code.
Last time, we refactored our code, and implemented the loading of the relationships for the Post entity. The implementation of this however was rather messy, as we did the equivalent of sweeping everything under the rug. In this post however we will look at what we've done, and see how this could be improved upon.
In the previous post
we setup the entity models for the blogging application, and built some custom
query options to handle the data we would be receiving via an HTTP request. Here
we will go about implementing pagination for our models, so we can support the
page query parameter, look into how we can refactor what we have in our
HTTP handlers, and start looking into loading entity relationships for models.
In my last post I touched on the idea of using query builders for building up somewhat complex SQL queries in Go. Well, in this post I'd like to go further, and explore how this can be used to idiomatically build out a simple system for modelling relationships in Go. This post going forward will assume that you have read the aforementioned post.
Recently, I have been looking into various solutions for interacting with
databases with ease in Go. My go to library for database work in Go is
sqlx, this makes unmarshalling the data from
the database into structs a cinch. You write out your SQL query, tag your
structs using the
db tag, and let sqlx
handle the rest. However, the main problem I have encountered, was with
idiomatic query building. This led me to investigate this problem, and jot down
some of my thoughts in this post.
I am an impatient man (if my sporadic typos, and last minute edits late at night on my blog didn't make it obvious already). Recently this has started to stick out to me much more, especially in regards to programming. More often than not I would find myself just writing code haphazardly, then let the compiler/interpreter point out the errors for me, some not so obvious, others more obvious than I would have liked. This is a rather reckless approach to take when it comes to development. I find that it prevents me from actually thinking about what I am doing, and results in me producing tools and code that are in unsatisfactory state.
jrnl is a simple static site generator written in Go. It takes posts written in Markdown, and converts them to HTML. The generated HTML files are then copied to a remote destination, this can either be a location on disk, or to a remote server. Unlike most other static site generators jrnl does not serve the content that is generated. This post shall serve as a brief introduction to jrnl, for more in depth usage refer to the readme on the project's GitHub.